Published Studies

January 2024

Single stage spinal cord stimulation outcomes from a large prospective database


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April 2020

European consensus and E-Tool for appropriate referral and selection of patients for spinal cord stimulation

This is now published in European Journal of Pain. Please activate hyperlink below. There is also a link to the E-Tool within the manuscript.

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October 2018

Characterizing the Somatosensory Profile of Patients With Failed Back Surgery Syndrome With Unilateral Lumbar Radiculopathy Undergoing Spinal Cord Stimulation: A Single Center Prospective Pilot Study

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January 2017

A Spinal Cord Stimulation Service Review From a Single Centre Using a Single Manufacturer Over a 7.5 Year Follow-Up Period

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a recognized management option for patients with refractory neuropathic pain. Despite randomized controlled trials reporting the effectiveness of SCS, there is a lack of long-term data reflecting usual SCS practice. The aim of this study is to present the long-term outcomes of a cohort of patients from a single centre undertaking SCS with devices from a single manufacturer.

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July 2016

The Polyanalgesic Consensus Conference (PACC): Recommendations for Trialing of Intrathecal Drug Delivery Infusion Therapy

Intrathecal (IT) drug infusion is an appropriate and necessary tool in the algorithm to treat refractory cancer and noncancer pain. The decision-making steps/methodology for selecting appropriate patients for implanted targeted drug delivery systems is controversial and complicated. Therefore, a consensus on best practices for determining appropriate use of IT drug infusion may involve testing/trialing this therapy before implantation.

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August 2015

An International Survey to Understand Infection Control Practices for Spinal Cord Stimulation

Patients with "refractory angina" (RA) unsuitable for coronary revascularization experience high levels of hospitalization and poor health-related quality of life. Randomized trials have shown spinal cord stimulation (SCS) to be a promising treatment for chronic stable angina and RA; however, none has compared SCS with usual care (UC). The aim of this pilot study was to address the key uncertainties of conducting a definitive multicenter trial to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of SCS in RA patients, i.e., recruitment and retention of patients, burden of outcome measures, our ability to standardize UC in a UK NHS setting.

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March 2009

Demographic Characteristics of Patients with Severe Neuropathic Pain Secondary to Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

Neuropathic pain commonly affects the back and legs and is associated with severe disability and psychological illness. It is unclear how patients with predominantly neuropathic pain due to failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) compare with patients with other chronic pain conditions.

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February 2021

The Trial Stim Study - Independent multicentre randomised controlled trial of long term SCS outcomes after prolonged trial period versus on table trial only

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March 2019

Trial versus No Trial of Spinal Cord Stimulation for neuropathic pain - Cost Analysis in United Kingdom National Health Service

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November 2017

Effects of Rate on Analgesia in Kilohertz Frequency Spinal Cord Stimulation: Results of the PROCO Randomized Controlled Trial

The PROCO RCT is a multicenter, double-blind, crossover, randomized controlled trial (RCT) that investigated the effects of rate on analgesia in kilohertz frequency (1–10 kHz) spinal cord stimulation (SCS).

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October 2016

The Neurostimulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee (NACC) Recommendations for Infection Prevention and Management

The use of neurostimulation for pain has been an established therapy for many decades and is a major tool in the arsenal to treat neuropathic pain syndromes. Level I evidence has recently been presented to substantiate the therapy, but this is balanced against the risk of complications of an interventional technique.

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September 2015

The Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Refractory Angina (RASCAL Study): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are associated with significant healthcare costs and morbidity. Limited research exists specific to the prevention of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) SSIs. The objectives of this international survey were to examine current infection control practices for SCS trials and implants and to compare reported responses with evidence-based recommendations.

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August 2010

Infection Rate of Spinal Cord Stimulators After a Screening Trial Period. A 53-Month Third Party Follow-up

Spinal cord stimulator (SCS) infections are common (2.5–13%) and may cause harm. It is unclear if a screening trial with definitive leads presents an increased infection risk.

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May 2002

A Retrospective, Long-term, Third-Party Follow-up of Patients Considered for Spinal Cord Stimulation

The objective of this study was to follow up patients considered for spinal cord stimulation and assess outcomes and patient selection factors associated with outcome.

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